Cross-domain knowledge is key to achieving sustainable agility in organisations. This article focuses on the important yet often overlooked distinction between architectural and specialist knowledge when it comes to promoting organisational agility.
The ability to adapt and succeed in today's digitalized world and ever-changing global markets is crucial. What we call agility is the ability of a company to quickly adapt to changing markets and technologies.
In 2006, Andrea Prencipe and Stefano Brusoni wrote a case study called "Making Design Rules in Multidomain Perspective". Pirelli, an Italian multinational tire manufacturer, was the subject of this case study. In the late 1990s, MIRS (Modular Integrated Robotized System) was introduced. The potential for robotics in product development, manufacturing and other processes was a major challenge to the tire industry at the time. Researchers noted that Pirelli was caught between high expectations from carmakers for customised tires and its own low innovation trends. Innovation is required if Pirelli wants to continue meeting the needs of customers in medium- to high-end markets segments.
MIRS was Pirelli's last hope of defending its reputation as a supplier of high-quality tires after it lost an attempt to buy a major competitor. The MIRS strategic decision by Prof. Gianluca Cartnabuci, Associate Professor in Organisational Behaviour, ESMT Berlin, illustrates how radical innovation paired alongside architectural knowledge can guide a company through organizational change.
Carnabuci says that "Organisational agility tends not to get slower as businesses mature." This is not just a problem for traditional manufacturing companies. All organisations are susceptible to this inertia. Top management must design processes and systems for human resource (HR), which can enable an organisation to be sustainably agile. "Knowledge architects are needed and wanted."
The failure of specialization
Complex systems require all parts to function well together. Organisations are complex. Prof. Carnabuci says that for this to happen, organisations need to have two types of organisational knowledge. The first, specialist knowledge, refers to an organisation's unique competence areas such as logistics, marketing or production. The second, architectural knowledge, refers to the interdependencies between these areas.
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Complex systems such as organisations require all components to function well.
Carnabuci says that most organisations recognize the importance of specialist knowledge and are well-equipped to develop it. "For instance, HR departments are often responsible for recruiting and training employees to fill gaps in a company's competencies. Although this is a well-known strategy, there is one problem: it is not specialist knowledge but architectural knowledge that makes organisations agile.
Building agile organisations requires architectural knowledge. So why is it that so many organisations don't have this architectural knowledge? Carnabuci explains that there are three reasons.
First, architecture knowledge is mostly tacit and therefore difficult to discern. It is a part of the mind of those who possess it, but it can be difficult to communicate with or see those who don't.
* Second, architectural knowledge is often only visible when it is too late. This is when changing an organisation's resource configuration causes unanticipated cross-competence problems.
* Third, the HR systems and managerial attention are still largely geared toward the appreciation of specialist knowledge.
For women's health, tips for heart, mind, and body - https://www.mpolska24.pl/blog/for-womens-health-tips-for-heart-mind-and-body
If you want to avoid problems such as strokes and heart disease, there is an easy way.
Get more fruits and vegetables.
Whole grains are better than refined ones. Brown rice is better than white. Switch to whole-wheat pasta
Consider lean proteins such as poultry, fish and beans.
Reduce your intake of processed foods, sugar, salt, saturated fat, and other unhealthy food.
Flexibility is key to eating well, according to Joyce Meng, MD assistant professor at UConn Health's Pat and Jim Calhoun Cardiology Center. You can follow a strict diet plan if you prefer. It's okay if you don't like following a strict diet plan.
Tricia Montgomery (52), founder of K9 Fit Club knows firsthand the benefits of a healthy diet and lifestyle. Her favorite things are eating healthy food and making small, frequent meals. She says, "I don’t deny myself anything." "I still enjoy dessert, key lime pie, yum!" -- I love frozen gummy bears and moderation is the key.
Get regular checkups. Your doctor will keep track of your medical history so that you can stay healthy. If you are at high risk of osteoporosis (a condition that weakens bones), your doctor may recommend more vitamin D and calcium.
You may be recommended by your doctor to have screening tests done to monitor your health and detect conditions before they become serious.
Be open to communication. Meng said, "If you have any questions, ask your doctor." "Ensure you are satisfied with the information." Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about any medication or procedure.
It can be very detrimental to your health. It is impossible to avoid it all, but there are ways you can reduce the effects. Do not take on too many responsibilities. Set limits for yourself and others. It is okay to say no.
To relieve stress, try:
Talking to a friend or family member.
Develop healthy habits
You can prevent problems from coming your way tomorrow if you make the right decisions today.
Brush your teeth twice daily and floss each day.
Limit your alcohol. Limit your alcohol intake to 1 drink per day.
Take your medication exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
Get better sleep. Try to sleep for at least 8 hours. Talk to your doctor if you are having trouble sleeping.
Keep out of direct sunlight between 10 a.m. and 3 p.m.
Wear your seatbelt.
Meng suggests that you take time each day to invest in your own health.
Montgomery was able to see the benefits. Montgomery says that she has overcome health issues, is happy, and has a positive outlook. She says that her life has been forever transformed.